Advancing Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in Africa – The Role of Digital Technologies, Innovation, and Public Private Partnerships.

Today, we are faced with the urgent need to transition to cleaner and more sustainable energy sources. The energy industry is transforming, emphasizing ramping up efficiency, reducing fossil fuel emissions, and decarbonizing the overall energy value chain.

However, this transition presents numerous challenges that require innovative solutions to decarbonize and collaborative efforts – and one such solution is CCUS as also identified by IPCC and UNFCCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change / United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change).

At PANA Holdings, we recognize the importance of public-private partnerships in advancing carbon capture and storage (CCS) initiatives in Africa, and as a leading player in the low-carbon solutions landscape in Nigeria through our Mokveld valves, Multiphase pump, and metering solutions, we are committed to leveraging our expertise and resources to drive positive change in the region, with the right enabled business environment.

As a Company, we are dedicated to consolidating our innovative solutions that address the challenges of climate change and environmental sustainability.

Our businesses have focused on carbon reduction for the industry over the years, ranging from our Mokveld valves and Multiphase pump solution. We also have an exploratory non-conventional technology (AGI), that can be used to derisk and validate CCUS projects against future leakages after sequestration.

The global CCUS market was valued at $1.9 Billion in 2020 and is projected to reach $ 7 billion by 2030, growing at a CAGR of ~13.8% from 2021 to 2030.

The global demand for the CCUS market is primarily driven by the growing focus on reducing CO2 emissions, supporting government initiatives, and increasing demand for CO2-EOR techniques.

The demand for CCUS has grown significantly, particularly in industries such as oil & gas, power generation, iron & steel, chemical & petrochemicals, and cement.

Industry players, including Shell and Chevron, are heavily investing in CCUS projects to find new commercial avenues and reduce CO2 emissions, for example, Shell’s Quest in Alberta, Canada, and Chevron’s Gorgon gas fields project in Western Australia

There is no CCUS project in Africa – and this is because we do not have enabling legal, policy, and regulatory frameworks for CCUS initiatives, zero industry-academia collaborations, and access to funding.  The tripartite collaboration between governments, industries, and research institutions is essential for the successful implementation of CCS projects in Africa.

Sadly, the research/educational institutions do not have the funding and right facilities to contribute in advancing CCUS, hence need to strengthen the bridge between Academics, Industry, and the government.

Again, with the technological advancements, offshore oil & gas exploration & production activities are increasing in Africa with lots of new entries, which in turn is surging the adoption of gas injection EOR techniques. This includes the use of carbon dioxide for crude oil extraction.

Most of the maturing and depleting oil reserves in Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea, Angola, etc. are expected to fuel the adoption of gas injection EOR techniques for both onshore and offshore wells.

Digital technologies play a critical role in advancing low-carbon solutions by enabling more efficient monitoring, management, and optimization of CCUS projects. Innovations such as artificial intelligence, big data analytics, and the Internet of Things (IoT) can enhance the precision and reliability of carbon capture, storage, and utilization processes.

These technologies help in predicting potential issues, optimizing resource allocation, and improving overall operational efficiency, making CCUS projects more feasible and successful.

Partners like Infosys are pivotal in this digital transformation. Infosys, with its expertise in digital services and consulting, can provide the necessary technological infrastructure and support for CCUS projects. Their role includes developing and implementing digital platforms that integrate data from various sources, enabling real-time monitoring and analytics.

Infosys can also offer advanced AI and machine learning solutions to optimize the performance of CCUS systems, ensuring they operate at maximum efficiency and effectiveness. By collaborating with technology partners like Infosys, we can harness the power of digital innovation to accelerate the deployment and scalability of low-carbon solutions across Africa.

Governments must provide regulatory support, funding, and incentives to promote CCS development and deployment.

The industries will bring expertise, resources, and infrastructure necessary for CCS implementation, while research institutions contribute innovation, knowledge, and technical support.

We must always emphasize (not a way of activism) that Africa contributes ~ 4% of the global carbon emissions BUT we must all work together to decarbonize especially our industry. To reduce the carbon footprint, governments of various African countries need to work with the industry players and other players in the Hard-to-Abate sector, to set up carbon capture and storage plants. This will drive the growth of carbon capture, utilization, and storage market in Africa.

 

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